Prevalence of depression and associated factors among adult inpatients in Mizan Tepi University Teaching Hospital, Mizan-Aman, Ethiopia, 2019

Abiru Neme Negewo, Wadu Wolancho Debocho and Mirressa Guteta

Background: Depression is a type of mental disorder which is characterized by an excessive and persistent feeling of sadness or despair and/or a loss of interest in things. It is mainly co-morbid with chronic illnesses and is associated with a range of adverse clinical outcomes. Objective: To assess prevalence of depression and associated factors among adult inpatients at MizanTepi University teaching hospital, Mizan-Aman, Ethiopia, 2019. Methodology: Institution based cross sectional study design was conducted from April 10 to May 20, 2019 at Mizan Tepi University Teaching Hospital among adult in patients with sample size of 374. Systematic sampling method was used to select the sample involved in the study. Data was entered into Epi data version 3.1 and exported to SPSS version 23 for data analysis. Descriptive statistics was used to identify the distribution of socio demographic, clinical and behavioral characteristics of the study participants. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression and odds ratio with 95% confidence interval was used to identify the associated factors with Depression. A p- value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The prevalence of depression among adult patients admitted to Mizan Tepi University Teaching hospital was 58.4%. Depression has statistical significance association with having previous hospital admission, being diagnosed with chronic disease, ward, being user of cigarette and social support. Conclusion and recommendation: Hospitalized patients were more depressed than the general population at Mizan Tepi University Teaching Hospital. Smokers suffering from a chronic illness, with poor perception of support and previous history of hospital admission were more likely to be depressed. All health care professionals working with patients suffering from chronic illness need to be trained on screening for depression. Health-care providers do thorough assessment to address common mental disorders, especially depression, and suggest that training to recognize and manage depression appropriately be given for admitted patients.